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Bulk-Edge Duality and Complete Localization for Disordered Chiral Chains

Date: Tuesday, November 28, 2017 16:00 - 18:00
Speaker: Jacob Shapiro (ETH Zurich)
Location: Big Seminar room Ground floor / Office Bldg West (I21.EG.101)
Series: Mathematics and CS Seminar
Host: Laszlo Erdös
Lab building west seminar room

We study one dimensional insulators obeying a chiral symmetry in the single-particle picture where the Fermi energy is assumed to lie within a mobility gap. Topological invariants are defined for infinite (bulk) or half-infinite (edge) systems, and it is shown that for a given bulk system with nearest neighbor hopping, the invariant is equal to the induced-edge-system's invariant. We also give a new formulation of the topological invariant in terms of the Lyapunov exponents of the system, which sheds light on the conditions for topological phase transition extending to the mobility gap regime. We investigate the conditions for a mobility gap to exist in a probabilistic model, and give a proof of complete dynamical localization at all non-zero energies via Furstenberg's theorem and the fractional moments method.

(Joint work with G. M. Graf)

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